The NATO phonetic alphabet:

Alpha Bravo Charlie Delta Echo Foxtrot Golf Hotel India
Juliet Kilo Lima Mike November Oscar Papa Quebec Romeo
Sierra Tango Uniform Victor Whiskey Xray Yankee Zulu

ITU version: Alfa Juliett X-ray


Skip to Wordlists | Skip to Texts

Phonetic alphabets

also Morse code mnemonics

Phonetic alphabets, in the sense used here, are also known as radio, telephone, spelling alphabets. They are used in aviation and by the military, police, radio amateurs and others.

Full collection of 18 February 2007 (1500 lines, 42k). Recent changes are summarised here.

Brief collection (100 lines).

The Able Baker story | Silly alphabets | Code Talkers

Phonetics elsewhere

Fuat Baran's copy of my collection at Columbia. Copy at Vienna. Copy at faqs.org.

US Army | US Navy alphabets and flags | US Navy | US Marines | Canada | Royal Signals

NATO phonetic alphabet at Wikipedia ( mobile ), h2g2 (was BBC).

Stephen Phillips's phonetic alphabets (and Morse Code).

An aviation page about the ITU alphabet (with sounds). ♫
Alphabet with sounds. ♫
Airways Museum. ♫

ITU for Unaone Bissotwo (and ITU alphabet).

FAA phraseology | ICAO alphabet or here.

About John Alcorn's book (QZ codes, phonetics, Morse etc.). Or here.

Able Baker at Wikipedia.

Timeline for Able Baker and Alpha Bravo. Timeline for Ack Emma and Pip Emma.

DX phonetics (Yokohama Zanzibar).

Police phonetics in Pittsburgh, by Alex Rudnicky.

US Financial phonetic alphabet.

Daniel Meyers' table.

Windows phone app for NATO alphabet, by Philippe Bédard.
Spelling out utility by Andrei Popleteev.

Alpha Bravo Yankee Zulu - a programme broadcast on BBC Radio 4 on Friday 7th April 2006, to mark the 50th anniversary.

Wikipedia pages for French, French, Dutch, Norwegian, Finnish, Spanish, Portuguese, Greek, Turkish, Turkish, Turkish, Czech, Slovak, Serbian, Russian, Bulgarian, Ukrainian, Hebrew, Esperanto.

Alphabets d'épellation.
Les Alphabets Phonétiques.
French numbers.
French Scrabble alphabet and Morse code mnemonics.

History of German alphabet. History of German alphabet. History of German alphabet. | German WW2 alphabet.
More about German.
German alphabet with sounds. ♫
German alphabet at Wikipedia.
Buchstabiertafel at Wikipedia.
Funkalphabet.

Dutch alphabet at Wikipedia.

Morse Code Mnemonics at Wikipedia. Mnemonics for French, German, Dutch, Spanish, Hungarian, Greek, Czech, Slovak, Polish, Russian, Ukrainian, Hebrew.

Morse code (Dutch mnemonics). Also here. Also Czech.

Czech alphabet.
Slovenian alphabet (go back to version of April 2010).

Saratov for Russian Morse code, the alphabet generally and Gagarin. Or try here. Sounds are being added (.wav). ♫
Russian phonetics.
Everyone should know (должен знать каждый) - article by Oleg Chernozyomov.
Russian letters and numbers.

Swedish phonetics, including digits.
Swedish phonetics, including digits.
Swedish Wikipedia.
Swedish Armed Forces' phonetic alphabet.

Page by Anders Bergström for Swedish dialects (Vamhus and Gotlandish).

Greek spelling alphabet (see also Greek page).
Russian spelling alphabet.

Japanese phonetics at Wikipedia.

Korean alphabet at Wiktionary.

About spelling in Esperanto. And there's this.

John Higgins' page (for silent alphabet). Anti-phonetic alphabets - links by Jamie Blustein.
Nearly Anacrophonic Phonetic Alphabet by Everett Howe.
Very miscellaneous alphabets.

Peripheral links

Morse code. Learning Morse.
About diacritics (Wells) | sci.lang FAQ with maps
ISO 8859 character sets (and more) ( mirror)
Unicode tests (Alan Wood) | Unicode tests (Alan Flavell) | Test of WGL4 (mini Unicode).
Language codes (en, fr, de, zh).

For phonetic symbols laɪk ðɪs see Wells or Wikipedia.


Wordlists

also word/letter frequency, parts of speech, stress, pronunciations;
various languages

UK English wordlist with frequency classification, version 1.01 (zip, 200k). 57000 words. No proper names. Includes hyphenated words. Intended to be suitable for checking spelling.

The top 1000 words in UK English, based on classic novels and Rosengren's modified frequency.

Letter frequency rankings for various languages.

Basic English, core vocabulary and word frequencies (newsgroup articles, 600 lines). Basic stands for British American Scientific International Commercial, apparently.

Wordlists elsewhere

Public domain wordlists from the Moby lexicon project at Sheffield. There is part of speech information. Moby wordlists at Gutenberg.

Frequency info from the British National Corpus (or here) at Brighton, by Adam Kilgarriff. There is part of speech information. BNC materials at Lancaster.

American National Corpus.

Frequency lists from the Corpus of Contemporary American English.

Frequency lists at Wiktionary.

Letter frequency at Wikipedia. Also French, German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Swedish, Icelandic, Hungarian, Slovenian, Turkish, Esperanto.

Corpus links | Corpus links | Corpora at Leeds

UK English wordlist for OpenOffice. Includes hyphenated words and words with accents. 92000 words plus proper names.

UK wordlist.

Free Dictionaries Project by Zdenek Broz, for Universal Dictionary and collections of links.

Wordlists from Google Books (-> raw data -> 1-grams), for a number of languages.

CorpusMuncher.

Links about German.

Top words in German, English, French and Dutch.

Top 1000 words with pronunciations. ♫
Top 1000 words on the net.

XML dictionaries. Or here.

Carnegie Mellon. Comprehensive info on pronunciations and stresses (dict); also plain wordlist (lex). See also CMU page. Or try here.

A notable collection of wordlists for various languages at Oxford. Or see Berlin below.

Wordlists at Finland, Finland IPv6, Berlin, Vaasa (Finland).

Wordlists for various languages at The American Cryptogram Association.

Wordlists at COTSE | Wordlists at COTSE

List of links by Jim Shook.

English wordlists for the Scrabble/crossword community.

National Puzzlers' League. (Solving -> wordlists). Note particularly ENABLE and UK Cryptics. The latter includes hyphenated words, words with accents and phrases.

The Online Plain Text English Dictionary.

FreeDict for translation wordlists.

Translation dictionaries at Majstro.

Corpus links at Neuchatel. Note top 1000 for a number of languages.

Lemmatised French wordlist.
French wordlists.

About dictionaries for ispell; also here.

yawl wordlist.

Wordlists at Sourceforge. Spelling corrector.

English wordlist at SIL.

Basic English | Basic English

Dolch Basic Words List.

Letter frequencies in COD9 headwords.

Letter frequencies for Arabic. Arabic word frequency.

Perseus for vocabulary lists for Latin and Greek.

Hellenic National Corpus.

Russian corpus with frequency information.

Dave Fawthrop's FAQ on wordlists: intro, main.

Peripheral links

WordNet - lexical database. EuroWordNet.
Wiktionary.
Yourdictionary | Onelook | Wordnik | WordWeb Online | Fine Dictionary
Anna Mazzoldi's stuff (for translation dictionaries).
British National Corpus - can search for word or phrase.
Google books timeline. Be careful about hyphens.
Names from the US census.
Links to various resources at the alt.usage.english site.
About vocabulary and language learning.
UsingEnglish (irregular verbs, phrasal verbs).
Greek Lexicon Project | Text Encoding Initiative

Zipf's law. Zipf's law.


Online texts

Digital Librarian - lots of links.
Links at SIL.

Texts at Athena (English, French and other).
Texts in English (Project Gutenberg). See Browse Catalog for a list of other languages. Texts can be formatted for mobile devices.
Online Books Page | Books Online | The Online Literature Library | The Literature Network
Read Print | Bibliomania | The Free Library | Literature Post | Open Library
Adelaide.
Virginia.
Oxford Text Archive - some free texts.
Cornell.
Wikisource - some texts with audio.
Internet Public Library.
Children's literature | Children's stories
French texts at ABU.
Texts in German.
Russian ( read about ) ( read about ) ( read about ) | Russian | Russian | Russian | Russian | Russian | Russian (links) | Skazki
Ukrainian.
Hawaiian.
Esperanto | Esperanto

HowTo Books.
Rosetta Project.


And finally

Taught languages in various countries, by Hendrik Biebeler, posted to sci.lang on 27th July 2001.

And now there's this (Word).



Remarkable

(March 2013) A remarkable way of not finding this page in recent months. (And why does a narrower search yield more results?)

(Late March) It briefly reappeared at around 60.
(August) It suddenly reappeared at 31.
(December) It dropped to 60.
(January 2014) It jumped to 30 then declined.
(May) It vanished from the top 100.
(June) It rose to 45, vanished from the top 100, rose to 23.



Brian Kelk
Quantum Theory makes equal sense to all observers -- as long as there aren't any.